History of Moon Point Cemetery
Moon Point Origins: Surveying the prairie
The origin of the cemetery’s name isn’t as clearly evident today as it was in the 1800s. Moon obviously from Jacob Moon and his family, the first settlers in Reading Township. But in order to get to the point (sorry), we’ll have to examine the area as it was when the Moons arrived:
The Land Ordinance of 1785 established the rectangular grid system that, whether we’re conscious of it today or not, is still tattooed on our landscape. The law required teams of surveyors to draw plats and empowered the federal government to sell the surveyed lands to the public. At the time selling land was one of the largest (if not the largest) source of income for the federal governent.
Surveyors laid out square townships, 6 miles on a side. These were broken down into 36 one square mile (640 acre) sections. Sections could be further broken down into 320 acre half sections, 160 acre quarter sections… City dwellers may not recognize that the standard “8 to a mile” city block found in most cities comes from a city block being a ten acre 64th section. If they overlaid a map of their city on the original surveyor’s plats, they’d probably find that the major streets tend to run along the section lines, possibly modified somewhat by local geographic or political features.
I can only imagine the difficulties encountered by these surveyors as they plied their trade. Using compass and Gunter’s chain (the optical surveyor’s transit didn’t come into use until around 1840) they laboriously made their way across the land 66 feet at a time.*
Away from their homes and families for weeks and months at a time, without benefit of roads and with only the supplies they could carry with them, they painstakingly measured their way across rivers and streams, through dense forest, and across prairie covered with grasses that could stand over 6 feet tall. They braved hostile Indians, disease carrying insects, venomous snakes, not to mention Illinois’ brutal winters and blistering summers– All for $2 per measured mile. Yet despite the obstacles and the limitations of the tools, the maps they made were surprisingly accurate. The survey of Reading Township in Livingston county was completed by 1830:
*At first glance this 66′ “chain” measurement seems rather arbitrary, but it’s the basic unit of all land measurement in the United States. There are 80 chains to a mile and 10 square chains in an acre. The archaic and peculiar 16.5′ rod (sometimes called a pole) is one fourth of a chain. Roadways were originally to be 2 rods (33′) wide, many city side streets and country roads still are.